The Abhidharma is, to a deep thinker, the most important and interesting
collection, as it contains the profound philosophy and psychology of
Buddha’s teaching contrast to the illuminating but conventional
discourses in the Sutta Pitala.
In the Sutta Pitaka one often finds the reference to the individual,
being etc., but in the Abhidharma, instead of such conventional terms,
we meet with ultimate terms, such as aggregates, mind, matter, etc.
In the Sutra is found the Vohara Desana (Conventional teaching), whilst
in the Abhidharma is found in the Paramatta Desana (Ultimate Doctrine).
In the Abhidharma every thing is analysed and explained in detail, and
as such it is called analytical doctrine (Vibhajja Vada) Four ultimate,
supramundane subjects (Paramattha) are enumerated in the Abhidharm. They
are Citta (Consciousness), Certasika (Mental Concomitants), Rupa
(Matter) and Nirvana.
The so-called being is microscopically analysed and its component parts
are minutely described. Finally the ultimate goal and the method to
achieve it is explained with all necessary details.
The Abhidharma Pitaka is composed of the following works:
1. Dhamma_Sanagani( Enumeration of Phenomena)
2. Vibhanga (The Book of the Treatises)
3. Katha Vatthu (point of Controversy)
4. Puggala Pannatti (Discripton of Individuals)
5. Dhatu Katha (Discussion with reference to Elements)
6. Yamake (The book of Pairs)
7. Patthana (The book of Relatives)
According to another classification, mentioned by the Buddha Himself,
The whole teaching is ninefold, namely